Uterus removal is called hysterectomy in medical language.
These surgeries that come under major surgery are done in certain special circumstances. After going to the specialist, after several investigations, it is confirmed that the uterus can be removed or the situation can be controlled only through medicines. Many times the lumps spread rapidly and can also become the cause of cancer, in such a way, removing out the Uterus is the only option.
UTRUS is the structure in which a child grows up during pregnancy. It also supports bones of the bladder and pelvic area. However, due to some reasons, removal of this ie vaginal hysterectomy becomes necessary.
What are those reasons
- Fibroid– There are lumps around the uterus. They cause excessive bleeding and pain during periods. This also puts pressure on the bladder and to go to the toilet frequently. Surgery is necessary if the fibroids are large in size.
- Endometriosis– When the linings around the uterus become more dilated, it starts affecting the ovaries, fallopian tubes and other organs. This condition is called endometriosis. Robotic hysterectomy of the patient suffering from this problem is done and the utrus is removed.
- Cancer– Hysterectomy becomes necessary if there is cancer of uterus, cervix, ovaries or there are lumps which can later turn into cancer.
- Uterine bleeding – Many women have a lot of bleeding during periods which are not controlled by drugs in any way. In this case, the risk of anemia and other problems increases. Hysterectomy is also an option in this situation. However, this is the last option.
Pregnancy is not possible after hysterectomy
However, this does not mean that if women who have become mothers are in any trouble, then they should take out the urine. Almost all doctors consider this as the last option and recommend surgery only when the situation does not get better with medicines. Last year, American actress Lina Dunham underwent UTRUS removal surgery and also wrote a long post on it on social media. She was suffering from endometriosis. Before hysterectomy, he was counseled many times and the procedure was done only after his yes. However, in our country, especially in rural areas, check for major surgeries like hysterectomy and there is no system like counseling.
This is how hysterectomy is done
Uterus removal procedure is under major surgery. It is performed in many ways. These require general or local anesthesia. General anesthesia means that medical method of unconsciousness, in which the patient remains unconscious during the whole procedure. In local anesthesia, only the area and some area below it is numbered, where surgical procedure is to be done. Hysterectomy is an abdominal, abdominal and laparoscopic 3. In the first two procedures, incision is made in the stomach and vagina respectively, while in the third surgery, surgery is performed with the help of a laparoscope (camera).
Uterus removal side effects
Short-term effects include pain, swelling, burning in the surgery area, numbness of feet, difficulty breathing due to anesthesia. The menopause of a woman who has undergone hysterectomy comes at an early age i.e. the periods are closed. That is, pre-menopausal symptoms also have to be suffered before. Such as hot flashes i.e. face and soles, heat and redness, excessive sweating, sleepiness and dryness in vagina.
Apart from these, there are many longterm effects as well. There are also psychological changes. For example, a woman cannot become a mother after hysterectomy. The period does not come. It is a relief but it also has a sense of loss which makes many women so upset that they go into depression. Organ prolapse may also occur after removal of the uterus.
A study conducted in the US in 2014 shows that after hysterectomy, about 12 percent of women also needed pelvic organ surgery. No such research has been revealed in India, but the results will be similar to this. After surgery, the percentage of estrogen hormone in the body drops completely, due to this, mood changes are also common. Many times the situation becomes so bad that hormone replacement therapy is required. The risk of heart diseases also increases due to low levels of hormones. Due to periods and pregnancy, most women have less than average calcium in their body, in such a way that bones are weakened due to lack of estrogen when the utrus is removed.